Access to Information Programme
Surveys

Access to Information Programme has been permanently monitoring the legislation and the practices related to the access to information in Bulgaria. The results of the monitoring and the relevant analyses are incorporate part of the annual reports Access to Information in Bulgaria which AIP is publishing since the adoption of the Access to Public Information Act in 2000. On the base of these analyses, as well as on the analyses of the litigation, AIP formulates recommendations for improvement of the legislation and the practices with regard to the access to information and the obligations of the public bodies.

 

At the same time, AIP performs specialized audits and takes part in international access to information surveys.

 

2017: AIP Audit on 566 Institutional Web Sites. 2017 Active Transparency Rating. 2017 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map 

Within the period 7 February – 31 March 2017, a team of Access to Information Programme reviewed 566 web sites of executive bodies at a central, regional, and local level, and also public-law entities and independent state bodies and assessed them along a checklist of 118 (139 for the municipalities) indicators. The maximum score is 99,2 (111,7 for municipalities). 566 electronic requests were filed for the list of the categories of information, subject to mandatory publication online concerning the sphere of activity of the respective administration, as well as the formats in which it is available. The 2017 Active Transparency Ratings  were launched, and the updated 2017 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map. Comparative 2015, 2017, and 2017 Ratings show the development of the active transparency of Bulgarian institutions.




2016: AIP Audit on Institutional Web Sites. 2016 Active Transparency Rating. 2016 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map 

Within the period 10 March – 23 April 2016, a team of Access to Information Programme reviewed and evaluated 565 web sites of executive bodies at a central, regional, and local level, and also public-law entities and 7 independent state bodies. 565 electronic requests were filed for copies of the document that regulates the internal record management within the respective institution.. The level of transparency was evaluated by points on the base of 118 (126 for municipalities) indicators. The possible total was 81 (88 for municipalities). A set of indocators evaluates the implementation of the obligations under the amended Public Procurements Act. The 2016 Active Transparency Ratings was launched, and the updated 2016 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map. Comparative Ratings show the development of the active transparency of Bulgarian institutions.




2015: AIP Audit on Institutional Web Sites. 2015 Active Transparency Rating. 2015 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map 

Within the period 23 February – 23 March 2015, a team of Access to Information Programme reviewed and evaluated 544 web sites of 544 executive bodies at a central, regional, and local level, and also public-law entities and 7 independent state bodies. 542 electronic requests were filed for copies of the orders assigning the information officers within the respective public bodies and their job descriptions. The level of transparency was evaluated by points on the base of 72 (81 for municipalities) indicators. The possible total was 143.5 (158.5 for municipalities). The indicators are updated in line with the new obligations for proactive publication of information online introduced with the 2015 Access to Public Information Act amendments. The 2015 Active Transparency Rating was launched, and the updated 2015 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map. Comparative 2013, 2014 and 2015 Ratings show the development of the active transparency of Bulgarian institutions.

 


2014: AIP Audit on Institutional Web Sites. 2014 Active Transparency Rating. 2014 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map  

Within the period 3 February – March 2014, a team of Access to Information Programme reviewed and evaluated 534 web sites of 535 executive bodies at a central, regional, and local level, and also public-law entities and 7 independent state bodies. 535 electronic requests were filed for a copy of the last public procurement contract signed by the institution in 2013. Focus of the 2014 audit is the Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity. A special section with new set of indicators was integrated in the audit module. The level of transparency was evaluated by points on the base of 66 (75 for municipalities) indicators. The possible total was 69.4 (82.4 for municipalities). In order to even better illustration of the active transparency situation in Bulgaria, besides the updated 2014 Active Transparency Rating, the results are visualized in a 2014 Budget, Financial Transparency and Integrity of Municipalities Map. Comparative 2012, 2013, 2014 Ratings show the development of the active transparency of Bulgarian institutions. All results are in English for the first time.    

 


2013: AIP Audit on Institutional Web Sites. 2013 Active Transparency Rating

Within the period 7 – 25 January 2013, a team of Access to Information Programme reviewed and evaluated 489 web sites of 490 executive bodies at a central, regional, and local level, and also public-law entities and 7 independent state bodies. 490 electronic requests were filed for a copy of the last public procurement contract signed by the institution in 2012. On the base of the indicators, AIP launched an updated 2013 Active Transparency Rating. The three additional indicators for the local-government bodies allowed for the launch of a separate Active Transparency Rating of the Municipalities in Bulgaria.

 


2012: AIP Audit on Institutional Web Sites. First Active Transparency Rating

Within the period 23.01 – 16.03, 2012, the team of AIP performed an audit on public bodies' web sites with the purpose to evaluate the implementation of the obligations under the Access to Public Information Act (APIA) for online publication of certain categories of information and under other regulations for active disclosure of public information by the executive power bodies at a central, regional, and local level. AIP audited 474 web sites of 487 administrative structures of the executive power. The level of transparency was assessed on the base of 39 or 40 (for the municipalities) indicators. Based on the indicators, AIP launched the Active Transparency Rating in Bulgaria. 

 


2011: Public Registers in Bulgaria
Within the period June 2011 – March 2012, AIP reviewed and identified the legal basis for the creation and maintaining of public registers, reviewed the existing online registers, filed access to information requests to 485 institutions about the public registers they maintained and incorporated the results in the Public Registers Portal. The results show 3,945 public registers maintained by central, regional, and local authorities; 516 public registers should be accessible online by law; 623 public registers are accessible online; access to 3,927 public registers is free.

 


2011: AIP Audit on Institutional Web Sites

Within 22.02 - 25.03.2011, the team of AIP made an assessment of the Internet sites of the executive power bodies. The purpose was to evaluate the implementation of the obligations under the Access to Public Information Act (APIA) for online publication of certain categories of information and under other regulations for active disclosure of public information by the executive power bodies at a central, regional, and local level. AIP has reviewed 495 web sites out of a total of 516 institutions. 21 institutions still do not have official web sites.

 


2010: AIP Audit on Institutional Web Sites

AIP performed the assessment of the institutional web sites within 10.02.2010 - 02.03.2010 with the purpose to evaluate the implementation of the obligations under Art. 15a of the Access to Public Information Act for online publication of certain categories of information by the executive power bodies at a central, regional, and lical level. Pursuant to the December 2008 amendments to the APIA, the period for preparation ended in December 2009. AIP has reviewed 499 web sites out of a total of 511.

 


2010: National Representative Public Opinion Poll on public attitudes regarding the right of access to information

A second wave of a representative public opinion poll on public attitudes regarding the right of access to information was performed by Market LINKS at the demand of AIP in February 2010. Main results show that 39% of respondents are aware of their right of access to information.

 


2009: Active Disclosure and Electronic Access to Information

The survey was performed within the period 10.02-05.03.2009. The survey was prepared by the team of AIP and aimed to evaluate the readiness of the institutions to answer requests submitted electronically.

 


2008: Active Disclosure of of Information by Bulgarian Public Institutions 

The study was conducted between February 18 and March 02 of 2008. Like in the two previous years, 411 public institutions were selected for review from the official Register of Administrative Structures

 


2007: Active Disclosure of Information by Executive Power Bodies

The aim of this study, which was conducted by AIP between March 24 and March 31, 2007, was to check how local governmental authorities and institutions of the executive branch make use of the Internet to publish important information on their own initiative and whether citizens are being accommodated when seeking information on the official institutional websites. 411 public institutions were selected for review from the official Register of Administrative Structures

 


2006: Information Published by Bulgarian Institutions on their Own Initiative - a study of Internet sites of public institutions in Bulgaria

The aim of the study, which was conducted by AIP between February 20 - March 5, 2006, was to assess whether and how the executive power bodies and the municipalities use their Internet sites to disclose information and to facilitate citizens' access to information. 411 public institutions were selected for review from the official Register of Administrative Structures.

 


2004: Practices in the Provision of Access to Information – Results of Global Monitoring of Compliance with Freedom of Information Laws in Bulgaria, 2004

The survey methodology was developed by Open Society Justice Initiative (OSJI) and the 2003 Global Monitoring Pilot Survey was carried out in five countries. In 2004, the Access to Information Monitoring Tool was applied in 16 countries. The comparative analyses of the results was published in the Transparency and Silence: A Survey of Access to Information Laws and Practices in 14 Countries.

The analyses of the results from the 2004 Global Monitoring of Compliance with Freedom of Information Laws in Bulgaria is part of AIP annual report Access to Information in Bulgaria 2004. 




2003: Global Monitoring of Compliance with Freedom of Information Laws - Bulgaria

In 2003, the team of AIP was part of an international global monitoring projects for assessing the freedom of information practices. The survey methodology was developed by Open Society Justice Initiative (OSJI). The 2003 Global Monitoring Pilot Survey was carried out by national teams in five countries - Armenia, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Peru, and South Africa. The analysis of the results from the 2003 Global Monitoring is available on the web site of the Open Society Justice Initiative.

In Bulgaria the monitoring started on May 2003 (7th and 19th) with the filing of a total of one hundred requests to eighteen institutions by ten requestors. The second stage of the monitoring started in July with promotion requests, filed by the heads of the

national teams. The third monitoring stage was a structured interview with the information officials in the institutions, selected in the first two request stages.

 

Analyses of the results from Bulgaria is part of AIP annual report Access to Public Information in Bulgaria 2003.



2002: The Year of The Rational Ignorance: Results from a sociological survey „Fulfillment of the Obligations under APIA by the Bodies of the Executive Power 2002”

The report on the results of the sociological survey “Fulfillment of the Obligations under APIA by the Bodies of the Executive Power 2002” outlines developments in the implementation of the Access to Public Information Act during the previous year. The survey was carried out within the period October 10 – 30, 2002 and covered all central bodies of the executive power and their territorial branches, as defined by the Administration Act and listed in the Register of the Administrative structures. Also, interviews with officials from the 101 largest municipalities

in Bulgaria by population were carried out. Out of the 394 institutions addressed for cooperation, 308 agreed to respond. In the rest of the cases, a silent or explicit refusal was given.

 

Results from the survey are also part of the annual report Current Situation of Access to Information In Bulgaria 2002

 


2001: Fulfillment of the obligations under Access to Public Information Act by the Bodies of the Executive Power (Results from a Sociological Survey)

The objective of the survey Fulfillment of the obligations under Access to Public Information Act by the Bodies of the Executive Power was to outline the conditions, preparedness, and the problems that have emerged in the process of APIA implementation. The survey was carried out within the period within September 25 – October 30, 2001 and covered all central bodies of the executive power and their territorial branches, as defined by the Administration Act and listed in the Register of the Administrative structures, as well as the 100 largest municipalities

in Bulgaria by population. Out of the 363 institutions addressed for cooperation, 303 agreed to respond.

The results are also part of the annual report The Current Situation of the Access to Public Information in Bulgaria 2001




2001: Fulfillment of the Obligations under the Access to Public Information Act by the Bodies of the Executive Power (Findings of the Pilot Survey Conducted by AIP)

The objective of the survey conducted by the AIP team was to check whether the active obligations under Access to Public Information Act were fulfilled five months after the effective date of the law.

The survey was conducted from 1 December 2000 to 9 March 2001 in 26 regional cities across the country. Over the period from 1 to 15 December 2000, 22 AIP coordinators carried out the survey in the regional subdivisions of central government bodies and the local administration. In the beginning of February 2001, the new AIP coordinators carried out the survey in 3 more regional cities. A month later, in March 2001, the report on the Sofia Municipality and the central government bodies (ministries and other institutions) was added to the already collected data. The survey was based on a questionnaire. There were direct interviews of the heads of the relevant bodies or the heads of press centers and PR offices.

The results are part of the first annual report The Current Situation of the Access to Public Information in Bulgaria




2000: Public Registers Situation

The report published in February 2000 outlines the condition of public registers, both from the point of view of public authorities and of information seekers. It contains a systematic overview of the regulated registers in Bulgaria. The selection of the registers studied was aimed at facilitating public access to the greatest extent, which is why we chose the registers for which the demand for information was highest.