Access to Information Programme
Personal Data

The right to personal data protection is a fundamental human right. Usually it is considered as a part of the general right to privacy. It includes a wide range of issues, such as the right to bodily integrity, the protection of home, the secrecy of correspondence etc.

Inviolability of private life is the foundation of human dignity and other values such as self-determination, right of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of association and others.


The right to personal data protection as part of the right to privacy enjoys broad international recognition. It is considered as a fundamental human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights. In most countries, the right to privacy is enshrined in the Constitution.


Basic terms:


Right to personal data protection

This term is associated with everyone’s right to protection against recording, processing, transfer and storage of own’s personal data.


Right to bodily integrity

This term is associated with everyone’s right to to be protected against coercive operations such as required immunizations, blood transfusion without consent of the person, forced sterilization, making blood samples for forced testing. The right to bodily integrity is the one’s right to freely choose her/his personal behavior. This also includes the free choice of sexual orientation, political activity, including its expression in public places.


Right to respect for the private correspondence

This term is associated to the everyone’s right to communicate freely with each other without being restrained, monitored or recorded without one’s consent. In some cases this is the right not to be wiretapped.